On the other hand, a non-utilitarian would reject even the notion of deliberating about the act of murder in such a mathematical manner. We would have mobs of people murdering their rich, old landladies because they would feel that they are justified, if only they donate some of the money to charity.
If having one person die in contrast to having all five die a utilitarian would chose to kill one person and save four people.
Utilitarianism defines the morally right actions as those actions that maximize some good or happiness and minimize some evil.
Both alternatives would produce a greater amount of net pleasure than the single, drastic option Raskolnikov has considered. This is because the theory of value cannot measure the value of an intangible quality such as life. Utilitarianism attempts to distinguish between right and wrong by measuring a decision based on its calculated worth.
Mill clearly states, "that all desirable things are desirable either for pleasure inherent in themselves or as means to the promotion of pleasure and the prevention of pain. There is not enough information in evaluating the welfare of an issue along with the consequences that may or may not go along with the decision.
In reality, his reasoning leaves out several elements such as numerous alternatives and unforseeable consequences, which true utilitarian arguments do not take for granted.
First, the theory of right action argues that the morally right decision is the one whose consequences are at least as good as any other available option. Pamela is walking through a forest and happens to come across a man who is about to kill five people. Therefore, Raskolnikov may cause a high degree of pain with no resulting pleasure to show for it.
On the other hand, I might experience some pain due to boredom, frustration, etc. So, who provides the standards to make sure that people do not feel justified in committing murder?
Pleasure is an example of something considered good and pain is an example of something that would be considered evil. A utilitarian would argue that Raskolnikov has not reached an acceptable solution because he has not accurately solved the problem.
A non-utilitarian would argue that moral absolutes provide a standard by which people can gauge the morality of their decisions. A utilitarian would argue that Raskolnikov has not shown the murder to be morally justifiable because Raskolnikov abstracts the situation, does not develop key variables of utilitarianism, and thus has not accurately Utilitarianism term papers the problem.
First, Raskolnikov does not fulfill the requirements for the theory of right action. Raskolnikov demonstrates the mathematical objectivity of utilitarianism, although he miscalculates somewhat in his justification of murder.
Raskolnikov has also not applied the theory of value because he has not weighed all the consequences accurately. Unfortunately, Mill does not make allowances for competent judges, so any practitioner of utilitarianism must come up with his own scale to measure pleasure and pain and in turn morality.
However, in accordance to the greatest good for the greatest number philosophy of utilitarianism, the decision that is morally right produces the greatest amount of net pleasure for everyone involved. The theory of value bases itself on the premise that pleasure is the only thing valuable in itself and as an end.
Always pleasing the greatest number of people is not always the right thing to do. Essays, term papers, research papers related: The man tells her that if she kills one of those people, he will let the other four go free. In conclusion, utilitarianism is the most democratic of moral theories.
The greatest good for the greatest number mentality secures justice for the majority but fails to provide the rights due to the individual. Even if Raskolnikov could prove to the old woman that her death is the morally right decision according to utilitarianism, I doubt that she would go along with the plan.
According to Raskolnikov, he has two available options: Mill clearly warns against using the utilitarian thought in trying to fix something as large and general as society.
So while utilitarian would describe his formula as "the greatest good for the greatest number", a non-utilitarian would characterize it as "the happiness of many overshadowing the happiness of the individual". Utilitarianism is a concept that holds an action to be held right if it tends to promote happiness for the greatest number of people.
Employing the utilitarian principle, I would have to weigh each option and then decide which one has consequences at least as good as or better than any of the other options possible. The theory of right action does not stand alone as the only condition for ethical evaluations.
Life, like pleasure, is valuable in itself. However, this amount of pain would be outweighed by the pleasure of receiving an A on it, thus in turn raising my GPA, making my parents happy, graduating with honors, securing a six-figure salary job, marrying the perfect man, and having 2.
Just because one is not in the majority group does not mean they do not have rights either.Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill’s ethical theory is known as Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism, according to Mill, is about judging the moral rightness/wrongness of an action by looking at if the outcomes produce the best balance of good over bad for Utilitarianism term papers concerned.
Utilitarianism Research Papers Utilitarianism research papers discuss John Stuart Mill's idea of morals based on utility. Based on the normative theory that human conduct is either right or wrong based on the end result of the action and whether it produces a favorable or unfavorable result.
A utilitarianism philosopy term paper begins by looking. This is a free term paper example on Utilitarianism cannot be used as your own term paper research.
This sample term paper can be easily detected as plagiarism by any plagiarism detection tool. This sample term paper can be easily detected as plagiarism by any plagiarism detection tool. Term paper on utilitarianism.
Geral. I feel like balling today, but i got to write this five page essay. teacher essays how to write a legal essay writing essays immigration in the usa essay on abuse of welfare research paper on art quiz ul b long term heat aging evaluation essay my dream house essay youtube.
Definition of Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is an ethical theory developed in the modern period by Jeremy Bentham () and John Stuart Mill () to promote fairness in British legislation during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries when the interests of the upper classes tended to prevail and the sufferings of the lower classes /5(20).
Philosophy/Raskolnikov and Utilitarianism term paper Philosophy term papers Disclaimer: Free essays on Philosophy posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only.Download